Nature

Various creatures grow in Nanki Kumano with warm and humid climate.

Forests which made the evergreen the center can see an ilex,Ubame oak,Castanopsis sieboldii, Camellia japonica and Japanese Cheesewood in a coastal area. The other large pteridophytes and dragon bottle red snappers from which a luminous fungus and occurrence of Shinotomoshibitake are sometimes learned about grow into such forest.
On the other hand, a deciduous tree of a beech is seen in a high mountain above the sea level. Moreover such as Tricyrtis macranthopsis masam, a Kinokunisuzukake, an endemic of Oomamakona, a rare species of Bertholletia marmorata and the remaining kind of Pseud otsuga japonica are seen, various plants grow.

キノクニスズカケ
Kinokunisuzukake
シイノトモシビダケShiinotomoshibidake

Rare species of Styan’s grasshopper warbler (birds) and Nankiuranamiakashijimi (insects) etc. often live including Glirulus japonicus and Japanese red-backed vole (mammals) by an animal. There is only large breeding area, and Kinki-district in Mustela itatsi is also an important area near a distribution northern limit as a habitat of Giant mottled eels. The valuable marsh chosen as other Japanese important marsh 500 above-mentioned is also the area 4 points exist.

ウチヤマセンニュウ
Styan’s grasshopper warbler

Nanki Kumano is circled in a Kareki-nada and Kumano-nada.Creatures which lives in a subtropical zone area as well as creatures which lives in the Temperate Zone area also live because Kareki-nada undergoes influence of a Kuroshio Current hard, and there is a coral crowd in the world most north registered with Ramsar Convention. On the other hand, marine deep water rich in nutritive salt is influence of a Kuroshio Current, and to cause upwelling, Kumano-nada where a deep sea draws near to the coast is a highly productive abundant sea. Therefore it’s often possible to see Sperm whale and Humpback whale.

サンゴ群集
Coral crowd