Nachikatsuura Town

Ugui Peninsula

Ugui Peninsula

The Muro Group who is accretionary prism exposes at a beach of a place ball as well as a boundary with a granite porphyry of Kumano acidic rocks exposes. Rounded gravel of Orthoquartzite made with big athletics formerly is included in a conglomerate layer of Muro Group. The prismatic structure out of which a magma was formed by the shrinkage when getting cold and hardening, is developed into an igneous rock outside. The state of which a town in Ugui consists on the rikukei bar (tying bar) can be observed from peninsular observatory. Vegetation to which the damp environment is preferred mildly grows at Ugui Peninsula, and Castanopsis sieboldii community and Machilus thunbergii community are formed.

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Coast of Okuji Peninsula

Coast of Okuji Peninsula

The structure like a stripe with which Kumano acidic rocks and mudstone of Kumano Group made of a magma mix, fold-like flow transformation and flow structure fluidal structure are seen. It’s thought that a magma formed these structure while moving underground from the southwest to the northeast direction. Prismatic structure of the igneous rock formed by cooling of a magma can also be observed.

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Daimon-zaka Slope

Daimon-zaka Slope
One in the Kumano Kodo leaves the past trace deeply on the visit way where it’s connected from Ichinono, Nachikatsuura Town to Nachisan. Many parts on this way are covered up at a pavement, and the rock extracted around the way is used much as a stone.

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Nachi Waterfall

Nachi Waterfall

Nachi-no-Otaki Waterfull is the fall which was formed into erosion in a boundary of a granite porphyry of strong Kumano acidic rocks and the stratum which is a soft Kumano Group relatively. Many falls exist in a fall of two and a fall of three in the back mountains in this waterfall, and it’s called Nachi Shijuuhachitaki. Nachi-no-Otaki Waterfall takes a ritual leading part in Nachi Fire Festival (prefecture designation intangible folk cultural properties), and rice-planting dance in Nachi where designation of the world intangible cultural heritage was received is the place offered up.

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Bozu-iwa Rock in Irogawa

Bozu-iwa Rock in Irogawa

Kono path through a forest to Sakaashi, Nachikatsuura Town from Kodakumi, Nachikatsuura Town, a rock tower is seen in the front far place. Fire rock crushing, a rock of a bird clapper is cross with the southwestern relationship of the southern rock complex distribution level of Kumano acid igneous rock kinds with which “Kumano caldera” about 14 to15 million years ago was made.

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Bentenjima Island and Ojaura Coast

Bentenjima Island and Ojaura Coast

The structure by which the mud diamond Building which has formed in the Kumano Group finds out well that a rise flowed shows on the wave-cut bench. Wave-cut bench in Bentenjima Island in the mud diapiric fold neighborhood bustles with playing at wavy line and creature observation. A trace of hydrothermal activity is also seen at this place.

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Tsunami Monument in Tenma

Tsunami Monument in Tenma

It’s a monument of a tidal wave of the (in 1944) southeast sea earthquake (M7.9)  in 1944 built next to the Torii in a Tenman-jinja Shrine precinct and is a monument of about 2.5 meters of height. It’s carved in a monument of the tidal wave out of which 10 victims were taken in this area with “Tsunami Monument”. It was built by a local resident in 1950.

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Katsuura Onsen

Katsuura Onsen

The spa where it’s here from the old days. It’s the first record that it’s written on “Shinguuryo memorandum” around (1707) with Akashima Onsen in a shoreline in 1707. High Onsen calls Natsuyama from Mt. beacon, and is distributed, and there is Sengen of more than 200. It’s located in the northeast extension in Kozagawa arc-shaped dike.

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Ki-no-Matsushima Islands

Ki-no-Matsushima Islands

A stratum of the Kumano Group which underwent influence of heat water is distributed in an extension in Kozagawa arc-shaped dike, and Onsen is also gushing. A strangely shaped rock shaped like sea cave and an animal can be satisfied with excellent seashore beauty at Aegean Sea formed by glacial sea level change related to ups and downs and erosion by a Pacific raging wave. A cruising by a sightseeing boat is performed.

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Yukawa Onsen

Yukawa Onsen

It’s said that it was found in 5th century, when Seinei emperor visited Kumano.Onsen gushed when two people’s of aged people from Ise responded to the people’s kindness and stroked the ground with a branch of a sakaki tree. After that Kobo Daishi is glad about efficacy of a medicine of Onsen, and Yakushido is built and it’s said that they called a lapislazuli Koyama Yuizumi temple. It’s located in the northeast extension in Kozagawa arc-shaped dike.

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Yukashigata Lagoon

Yukashigata Lagoon

After marine transgression by sudden sea level rise in a back glacial period, they’re 3 rivers and the lagoon formed by sedimentation in Niko-gawa River in particular. Because a waterfowl made go and gave fantastic beauty to the cityscape in a cherry tree and winter in spring for a name in tideland, a poet in a hometown and Haruo Sato named.

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Cut-off Spur of Ota-gawa River

Cut-off Spur of Ota-gawa River

A flow channel on a river is that short-circuited, and the slender ridge formed out of meander in Ota-gawa River (mountain leg) is left in plains as isolation hilly area (the ring way hilly area). Old channel of stream around the hilly area is used as a rice paddy. There are a lot of remains in this area, in the Wakayama prefecture, it’s a built-up area in a castle in the outstanding Middle Ages.

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Shimosato Tumulus

Shimosato Tumulus

It’s an ancient Japanese tomb of a circular shape with a rectangular frontage in the made Honshuu southernmost tip in the second half in the 4th century. It’s made on the sand dune in a small-scale coastal plain. The thing in the slightly elevated location can be confirmed more than an immediate rice paddy area even at present.

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Butsubutsu-gawa River

Butsubutsu-gawa River

Because Shimizu gushes bubbly, it’s the shortest second-grade river in Japan of the length 13.5m called so. It’s the small stream formed by spring water from a main current at a tributary in Konoshiro-gawa River which flows through Konoshiro, Nachikatsuura Town.

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Shimosato Hydrographic Observatory

Shimosato Hydrographic Observatory

Installation was made in 1953. This surveys land by an artificial satellite and laser distance measuring equipment-precise from 1982. This is the only Hydrographic Observatory. The Facilities to make a correct chart.

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Arafune Coast

Arafune Coast

Alternation of Sandstone and mudstone with a lot of ratio of the mudstone of Kumano Group is distributed. An accumulated stratum stands up at the angle near the verticalness by crustal alteration levelly, and the reversed state drops in and can observe at the top and the bottom of the stratum. Nachikatsuura Town area on Arafune coast is perfect natural coast. Beautiful sea fog is seen in winter around the entrance of the Arafune coast. [For Elijah to overlap, the same one is also indicated on “Kushimoto Town”.]

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Tanada(rice terrace) in Irokawa

Tanada(rice terrace) in Irokawa

A legend of surviving soldier of a one-story house is this area left, and this is Tanada(rice terrace) which bet long years, opened a mountain and completed. Much of Tanada(rice terrace) is made on the mudslide lodgment.

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Mud Food memorial Rock in Irokawa

Mud Food memorial Rock in Irokawa

A memorial rock of a mudslide victim in 1846.It holds a service on the big rock of the granite porphyry from which I flowed.

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Shirikendani Refinery Ruins

Shirikendani Refinery Ruins

Trail mouth which seems something in modern mining before, a smelter trace and an accumulated place by the scoria are left for Nachi-gawa River right bank faction bottom Tsurugidani. It’s a baking kiln mark to be watched in particular. In the bottom Kentani right bank, using a slope, a baking kiln is here and there, and there is a baking kiln which equals line 2 of upper and lower 9 kiln (18 kilns) in the left bank downstream. There is also a place one copy collapses, but this baking kiln holds the original form mostly, and it’s also few remains in Japan.